Pulsed Gradient Spin Echo Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Measurement and Simulation of Two-Fluid Taylor Vortex Flow in a Vertically Oriented Taylor-Couette Device

February 24, 2012

 

Broadbent, A.L., J.M. Mullin, S.L. Codd, J.D. Dockery, and J.D. Seymour, “Pulsed Gradient Spin Echo Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Measurement and Simulation of Two-Fluid Taylor Vortex Flow in a Vertically Oriented Taylor-Couette Device,” Appl. Magn. Reson., 42:1(2012)137-152.

 

Magnetic resonance microscopy and Ansys Fluent© computational fluid dynamics simulation have been used to classify Taylor vortex flows (TVF) for several single fluid and axially stratified two-fluid systems in a vertically oriented Taylor–Couette device. A Rheo-NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) Couette system (Magritek Ltd, New Zealand) with a 1.05-mm gap was used to evaluate the transition from Couette flow to TVF in 1.65 cSt silicone oil, 1 cSt deionized water, and 0.65 cSt silicone oil. The rotation rate at which instability onset occurred agreed between experiment and simulation, as did the critical wavelength. Velocities were mapped for axially stratified two-fluid systems. The vortex containing the two-fluid interface was found to form with a significantly longer wavelength than that observed in the pure fluids. For experiments and simulations in the TVF regime, a region with no secondary flows was found at the interface, indicating interface stabilization by surface tension forces.

 

 

Topics: 
Biotherapeutics / Bioprocessing